General description.

The Gyrfalcon is the largest of the falcons. This bird is very majestic. Gyrfalcons come in to different color morphs, white and a darker gray. Historically, Gyrfalcons were used in falconry, only by kings and it is now the mascot of the United States Air Force Academy. This bird lives in the arctic regions of North America. It can most often be found gracefully soaring through the sky searching for the birds that it eats. During breeding season, this bird nests on cliffs and lays 3-8 pale eggs in a scrape in the ground. Gyrfalcons are rare throughout their range and are protected by law.

Female appearance.

Larger than male.

Juvenile appearance.

Juvenile gyrfalcons are similar to adults but more heavily marked. Their feet are blue-gray instead of yellow.

Flight pattern.

Direct with powerful steady wing beats. Soars on thermals.

Breeding habits.


Calls or song.

hyaik-hyaik-hyaik, kack-kack-kack, or kyek, kyek, kyek

Population and distribution.


Nesting habits.

The Gyrfalcon nests on cliffs and lays 3-8 pale yellow eggs.

Similar birds:

Peregrine Falcon Photo Peregrine Falcon
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