Black-chinned Hummingbird
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General description.

This stunning hummer's needle-like bill and black wing coverts and secondaries complement the green and violet of his head, back and chin.

Female appearance.

The female Black-chinned Hummingbird has a white, sometimes spotted, throat and breast with white tips on her tail. She is not easily distinguished from the Ruby Throated Hummingbird.

Flight pattern.

Hummingbirds fly by dipping up and down, and these birds have the unique ability to hover like helicopters and "fly backwards."

Breeding habits.

Males perform aerial courtship by swinging pendulum-like over the perched female.

Calls or song.

The beat of the Hummingbird wings combine with the sound of its call, which is a long, sputtering chatter.

Population and distribution.

The Black-chinned Hummingbird breeds from British Columbia through most Western States. They inhabit urban centers as well as dry desert with woodland and orchards in between. Before migrating to Mexico, the Black-chinned Hummingbirds eat to double their weight for the long journey.

Nesting habits.

The Black-chinned Hummingbird lays two white eggs in a nest of fluffy plant wool and lichens, woven together with spiderwebbing. After mating season, the male Black-chinned Hummingbird leaves for residence elsewhere.
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