Ruby-throated Hummingbird
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General description.

The stunning male Ruby-throated Hummingbird's plumage makes him easy to identify. Under his ruby throat his breast is white, while his wings and tail feathers are darker hue. The hummingbird is attracted to colorful flowers, especially those that are red. They also feed from artificial feeders filled with sugar water often dyed red, which is unfortunately harmful. The water should remain clear. The Ruby-throated Hummingbird will double its weight before migrating 1,000 miles to Mexico. It will visit your feeder many times during the day late summer/early fall.

Female appearance.

The female Ruby-throated Hummingbird is a less spectacular green above, with spotted throat and white breast Her outer tail feathers are also tipped in white.

Juvenile appearance.

Lacks red throat.

Flight pattern.

These remarkable, tiny birds are in constant motion, flying in quick, undulating darts from place to place and hovering over the objects of their dinners. They rest only brieflly on twigs and wires to observe their surroundings. These 'hummers' can also fly backwards.

Breeding habits.

The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is the only hummer that breeds east of the Mississippi from Southern Canada to the Gulf Coast. The male performs the same mating dance as his cousin, the Black-chinned Hummingbird by swinging pendulum-like above the female as she perches.

Calls or song.

The hummingbird's wings create a buzz over the sound of a mouse-like squeaking.

Population and distribution.

The Ruby-throated Hummingbird resides in woodlands, parks and gardens.

Nesting habits.

The Ruby-throated Hummingbird nests in trees and lays 2 tiny, white eggs in May. Her nest is woven from plant down, covered with lichen and held together with spiderwebbing.
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