Northern Bobwhite

General description.

Aslo refered to as Quail. The Northern Bobwhite (Quail) is named for the call of the male. The Northern Bobwhite (Quail) is most often found in farmland and fields foraging for the insects and seeds that it eats. In the summer, the Northern Bobwhite (Quail) roosts in large family groups, but in the spring, they are found in mating pairs. The Northern Bobwhite (Quail) nests on the ground or in the grass in a scrape in the ground. A mated pair raises one brood per year. The Northern Bobwhite is hunted as a game bird. Also, some population decline is attributed to habitat loss. Except when nesting, the Northern Bobwhite (Quail) lives in flocks or "coveys" usually made up of members of one family. The Northern Bobwhite (Quail) song, heard in spring and summer, is the clear, ringing two- or three-noted whistle. This whistle gives the Northern Bobwhite its common name, Quail. Hunters refer to their fall and winter calls as "scatter calls" and are the signals by which the members of a flock together. As with other protectively colored, ground-inhabiting birds, Northern Bobwhites do not fly until you almost are upon them, which is why they stay grounded when hunted and under point of a bird dog. The Northern Bobwhite (Quail) nest is on the ground. A dozen or more pear-shaped eggs are laid in May or June.

Female appearance.

The female Northern Bobwhite has a buff throat and eye stripe whereas the male has a white throat and eye stripe. The female is darker in color; instead of being reddish overall, she is brown.

Flight pattern.


Breeding habits.


Calls or song.

bob-WHITE! or bob-bob-WHITE! and hoy

Population and distribution.

Uncommon and declining.

Nesting habits.

The Northern Bobwhite nests on the ground and lays 14-16 white eggs in April.
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