Pileated Woodpecker
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Pileated Woodpecker Photo Pileated Woodpecker Photo Pileated Woodpecker Photo

General description.

The Pileated Woodpecker is very large in size. This bird drum on trees to claim territory and to attract a mate. This bird can often be seen in forests drilling into trees to find the insects that it eats. This bird also digs under logs for food. During breeding season, this bird is monogamous. Pairs nest in trees and dead trees. The female lays 3-8 white eggs in a cavity in the tree. The pair then raises their young. A pair raises one brood per year. This bird is common in the Southeast but rare elsewhere. It is vulnerable to habitat loss and deforestation and it has to compete with European Starlings for nest cavities.

Female appearance.

The female has a black mustache instead of the the red mustache of the male. Her forehead is black as well.

Flight pattern.

Direct or roller coaster.

Breeding habits.


Calls or song.

cuck, cuck, cuck and yucka, yucka, yucka

Population and distribution.

Common in Southeast. Uncommon other places.

Nesting habits.

The Pileated Woodpecker nests in trees and dead trees and lays 3-8 white eggs in April and May.

Similar birds:

Ivory-billed Woodpecker Photo Ivory-billed Woodpecker
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