The Black-necked Stilt is white below and black above. It has an interesting white patch above its eye. This elegant wading bird makes its way gracefully through the salt marsh, unless its nest is approached, then it will swoop down awkwardly, with loud calls, and threaten whatever or whomever gets too near.
The Stilt breeds along both coasts from Oregon and Delaware south. It can also be found nesting in the inland wetlands of some Western states.
Calls or song.
The Black-necked Stilt sounds a loud alarm, "yap, yap, yip, yap" or "kek, kek, kek" during breeding season, but both sexes emit these sounds outside the season, as well.
Population and distribution.
The Stilt winters along the Pacific Coast north to Central California and in Florida and the Gulf Coast states.
The Black-necked Stilt lays 3-4 buff-colored eggs, spotted brown, in a shallow depression, lined with grass and decorated with broken shells on the edges of salt ponds, wetlands and flooded pastures.