This delicate, relatively small warbler's additional tags include a black eye stripe, white belly and two white wing bars. The male "Northern Parula" has a rusty redish-brown chest band. It can be viewed, from all angles, as it hangs from a blossom cluster, like the "Chickadee" or "Titmouse". The word, "Parula" (pronounced PAR-a-la) means "little titmouse".
The female and her young are duller all over, but still prettily marked.
The "Northern Parula" breeds in wet, chiefly coniferous woods, in swamps and along lakes and ponds.
Calls or song.
The male "Northern Parula" frequently produces a buzzy, ascending trill to attract a mate.
Population and distribution.
The parula ranges from southeastern Canada throughout the eastern half of United States to the Gulf Coast. They winter in Florida and southward into the tropics. In spring, these tiny birds can be seen, in large numbers, along roadsides, in parks, yards, orchards and gardens, as well as woods.
In the South, this species is almost entirely dependent upon Spanish moss for nest sites. In northern regions, they build basket-shaped woven nests of grass, bark and vegetable fibers.