The "Fox" is a large, generally "rufous" sparrow, whose coloration varies over its broad breeding range. The color of its tail contributes to its name. Although common, the "Fox Sparrow" is shy and difficult to spot foraging along the ground, scratching though brushy woodlands, kicking with both feet at the same time, to clear away leaf litter in their quest for seeds and insects.
The "Fox Sparrow" breeds in almost all of Alaska, Canada and the Western United States.
Calls or song.
The male "Fox Sparrow" sings a series of sprightly, ringing whistled notes. The female will occasionally sing, but more softly and briefly than her mate.
Population and distribution.
In summer, this bird seeks the cool coniferous forest undergrowth; during the winter, they prefer dense woodland thickets, weedy pastures and brushy roadsides. They winter in the southern U.S. and Baja, California.
The "Fox Sparrow" builds a grassy cup to hold four pale green eggs, spotted with red-brown. This is hidden in thick vegetation on or near the ground.