The Purple Gallinule is a short legged, medium sized wading bird of the Rallidae family. It mostly inhabits the warm wetlands of Coastal Texas, Louisiana and Florida. Besides its array of brilliant colored feathers, which has little seasonal variation, it is recognized by the pale blue shield above its red and yellow bill and yellow legs. Because the Purple Gallinule is omniverous, its bill is short. Its body is compressed to help it move through dense vegetation, and its wings rounded. Besides wading, it also swims and dives briefly.
The immature Gallinule is tawny brown with a greenish tinge. The fledgling of one brood is known to help its parents feed and care for the second brood.
Calls or song.
The Purple Gallinule is very vocal, especially at night and during breeding season. Its call ranges from a soft cooing to harsh mechanical sounds of wails, whines and clucks.
Population and distribution.
The Purple Gallinule builds a globular nest of plant material on the ground or on vegetation just above ground; some use the nests of other species. They lay multiple eggs and sometimes produce two broods in a season, and yet because of recent destruction of wetlands areas, the numbers of Purple Gallinule is, unfortunately, diminishing.